Three Important Things You Should Consider for Septic Drain Field Design

When it comes to constructing your septic system, your drain field is a very important component you need to consider. Professionals need to draw the layout and prepare the Septic drain field design before constructing a septic system. So, you need to consider when it comes to septic drain field design before installation of the septic tank takes place.

Here are three factors that can affect your septic drain field design and the installation process is –

  1. Location – Your septic drain field design is the largest and the biggest part of your septic system. This indicates that it requires a lot of space and a large area to accommodate your septic system. Whether you are constructing a brand new home or commercial business area, knowing the exact location of where your drain field will be located as a part of your building project will ensure you get the best outcome. 
  1. Size – Along with location, your septic drain field design must take into account the exact size of the drain field itself. This is very essential for two major reasons. Firstly you would want to make sure that your drain field is able to tackle the amount of wastewater that comes through. And, of course, you will require a drain field that will provide long-lasting operation for your home and commercial business.  
  1. Soil – The last factor and the most important factor that needs to be considered with your septic drain field design is the soil, which is supposed to handle the wastewater back into the ground safely and productively. The soil for your residential septic system design should be proper before installing the septic tank of your house; this will give you the best result.

There are experts and professionals who can guide you with your septic drain field design including finding the best location, the most efficient size, and whether your soil is ideal for the construction of the septic drain field. Professional companies are there to help you out with your residential, and commercial septic components before, during, and after installation. 

Septic system comes in numerous types and designs including gravity, pressure, and aerobic system. Picking the correct design totally depends on how easily your resident can absorb and dispose of water. Choosing and installing a residential septic drain field design is a very essential task. It is not only a financial investment but also a long-term commitment to the life of your dream home or structure. Getting the proper system will need an in-depth assessment of your systematic needs; environmental factors are to be considered as well, including individual requirements. A gravity septic system might be used if the tank is installed with sufficient elevation over the drain field. Septic drain field design will help you decide which varieties of material and type of system will be convenient for your use. Contact professionals who hold years of experience in septic drain field design, to execute installing your septic system. 

How to plan a Septic System Project?

Maximum property owners are installing septic systems because they see them as the ideal option for the public sewer system. They are better for nature as they are naturally occurring bacteria to dispose of waste rather than chemicals. 

If you are deciding to install a septic system plan for a property, you have to start with the planning and the design. It is the exact process as the measurements have to be accurate. 

Local rules and regulations for drawing a septic system plan

Any major project like a septic system plan and its installation mean that your project is within the laws and regulation of your town. It is important to be up with the regulations of your area before you start with the septic system design.

Soil Test before designing the septic system plan

 If you want your septic system to work smoothly then a soil test is a must.  A soil test confirms whether your septic system is going to work well or not. The type of soil and the soil grains dictate how your septic system is going to perform. Soil having flat grains can compact easily and smoothly, but this type of soil hinders the process as the leaching system makes an issue when this type of soil is used as a filling. There are many types of soils. These soils do not exist in isolation, as they can be mixed and combined in various other ways. This creates numerous soil combinations, which creates the soil report challenges. Once your soil type and composition is detected, you can check back with the regulation of the area to know what kind of septic system plan you need to install your septic system. 

Septic system plan starts with a proper soil test or perc test. A soil test requires removing the deep core of the soil and examines what is happening in the different layers. Soil is categorized as gravel, sand, loam, and all types of combinations of those types. The Perc test needs filling a deep hole with water and noting the timing of how long it takes to percolate through the soil at the bottom of the hole. The soil should be prepped nicely before soaking it. In most counties, you have to have a license to finish the test before designing a septic system plan. These tests can provide you with a good idea of how the particular patch of soil is going to perform at breaking down the effluent (what sewage becomes after settling for quite some time). 

The soil test and the perc test must be carried by the professional septic system expert. The country’s state health codes state what type of dispersal system can be used for a particular type of soil. Some type of health code will confirm what type of septic system plan you require according to the soil type of your project. Septic system plan, design, and size greatly vary within your area.

Know Everything About Septic System Design

Selecting a septic system design is a vital task. Finding a proper system will need a thorough assessment of your structural requirement and environmental factors are to be considered as well. Septic and wastewater professionals are available to assist you with the process of properly designing, installing, and maintaining your system. 

Know more about your septic system design drawings

At the beginning an assessment is made regarding the local regulation and zoning requirements. This will incorporate objects like a proper understanding of the local policies, permitting regulations and environmental standards. A detailed terrain survey is conducted as well, as the placement of utility poles, underground writing, and other various pre-existing infrastructure will often dictate the ideal location to dig for your septic system. 

Septic system design starts with a soil test and “perc” test. A soil test requires removing the deep core of soil and examining what happens in the different layers. A perc test involves filling a deep hole with water and timing how long it takes for the water to percolate through the soil at the bottom of the hole. 

A proper septic tank design is highly important as it treats sewage on a small scale which is common in areas where there is no connection to the proper sewerage pipes. Waste water from the household is directed into the septic tank. Septic tank design allows the heavy solid waste to settle down from the wastewater. 

Septic system design is one type of onsite sewage collection system. Approximately 25% of the population depends on septic tanks. Many household owners are installing septic systems as they see it as an appropriate option to the public sewer system. They are good for nature and its surroundings as they rely on naturally occurring bacteria to decompose waste rather than chemicals. If you are planning a septic system design then start with an accurate design and planning. This has to have exact measurements. 

An appropriate capacity of a septic tank is essential because wastewater can backflow back to your house. The septic tank design considering the upcoming increase in waste water, therefore design a proper septic tank for your home so that it can last for many years. Septic system design contains two main chambers each of which is equipped with the manhole cover. The chambers are separated by a dividing wall which has openings situated at the midway between the floor and roof of the tank. 

Septic tank cleaning you need

Septic tank treatment system needs regular cleaning to avoid the build-up of sludge and eventual escape with the effluent into the drainage-field. Septic tanks require cleaning once a year for maintaining any defect. Excess wastage of cooking oil can often fill the upper layer of the septic tank and can cause the inlet drains to block. People often use a waste grinder to throw away excess food, which can cause overload of the system and early failure. Septic tank damage is mainly caused due to some chemical contact like pesticides, herbicides, materials with high concentration of bleach, or any inorganic materials like paints, solvents etc. 

Septic system design and size vary from your neighborhood to across the country, because of the combination of factors like soil type, site slope, household size, lot size, weather condition which affect the construction of the septic tank. Septic system design is not a difficult task, but you need to have a precise measurement. If your measurements are slightly incorrect, it can spoil the entire project. A professional needs to be hired for the construction of the septic tank. 

What Do You Know About Septic Assistant & Types Of Septic System Design?

Designs of septic systems differ according to their shapes and sizes. Septic system design drawings and size can vary generally, from your town requirements to the all over the nation, because of a mix of elements. These elements incorporate family size, soil type, siteslope, and part size, nearness to delicate water bodies, climate conditions, or even neighborhood guidelines. The following are ten of the most widely recognized sorts of septic system design utilized. The rundown isn’t comprehensive; there are numerous different sorts of septic system design. There are many other types of septic system used and they are the following –

Gravel less Fabric based systems

  1. Stone & Pipe systems
  2. Fabric Based Gravel Less systems.
  3. Chamber systems.
  4. Drip Dispersal systems.
  5. Shaped Stone & Pipe systems.
  6. Recirculating sand filter systems.
  7. Various Trench systems.
  8. Evapo-transpiration systems
  9. Constructed wetland system.
  10. Pre-Treatment Systems.

Conventional System

A decentralized waste water treatment framework comprising of a septic tank and a trench or bed subsurface wastewater dispersal framework (drain field). An ordinary septic system design field is ordinarily introduced at a solitary family home or private company.

The stone drain field is the system type that has existed since the individual on-site treatment systems where conceived. The name alludes to the development of the drain field. With this plan, effluent is piped from the septic tank to a shallow underground trench or bed of stone. A Geo fabric or comparable material is then positioned on top of the field so sand, soil, and different foreign substances don’t enter the treatment stone.

Stone beds are somewhat large in area and may not be reasonable for all private locations or conditions.

Chamber System (Concrete or Plastic)

Gravelless have been utilized for a long time in various states and has turned into a regular innovation eliminating stone beds. Septic system design dispersal area incorporates numerous other sorts of structures like – open base chambers, fabric wrapped tubes. Manufactured material like extended polystyrene media. You can make chamber components with reusable items and can offer you a big savings in carbon impression.

Shaped Stone Trenches GST™ Leaching System

The latest technology to be used for treatment and dispersal of wastewater, is the use of shaped stone trenches.  These trenches differ from conventional trenches as the side walls are not straight, but are shaped, significantly increasing the treatment surface area enabling a much smaller overall footprint area.  These systems require purpose built, reusable forms to construct, but utilize the same aggregate materials as used in conventional systems.  For comparison a 1000sqft conventional bed (1’x25’x40′) utilizing 37cuyds of stone and 250LF of piping could be reduced to a 330sqft footprint (1’x11’x30′) utilizing 16.5cuyds of stone and 66LF of piping.  Resulting in a system 1/3rd the size using 1/2 the stone and nearly 1/4 the piping requirements. As shown in the picture above.

What is a septic tank and how does it work?

What is a Septic Tank?

Septic tank is an underground tank where all the waste discharge accumulates. It is used for waste water treatment through the process of biological decomposition and drainage. A septic tank uses natural proven or advanced technologies to treat wastewater materials discharging from the household plumbing produced by washrooms, kitchen drains and laundry. Septic tank designs are usually made of simple design usually rectangular or round in shape. It is made up of fiber glass, plastic or concrete.


How Does It Work?

Septic tanks work by collecting the water waste and human excreta in a large underground tank, basically this is how it is used in rural areas. Septic tanks are usually underground, and should be 15 feet away from any home. It may be comprised of two compartments, in the 1st compartment it receives waste water from inlet pipes, and effluent discharge is from the 2nd compartment.

Septic tank requires regular maintenance and some common precautions should be taken when it is handled. Property owners should plan a proper residential septic system design to avoid spreading bacteria, virus causing infection. Septic site plan should be made in such a way that the septic tank does not create any harm to the natural environment. If the septic tank is not pumped periodically then the effluent retention time is dramatically reduced allowing solids to exit to the field causing field failure and allowing the sewage can flow into the ground surface and create a backup in sinks and washrooms. In a septic tank all the organic materials will settle at the bottom and soap will float to the top.  The effluent being treated is between these top and bottom layers, as the distance between these layers gets closer that is what fills the tank.


What is a septic tank and how does it work


The septic tank has two  pipes (typically) one for inlet and the other for outlet. The inlet pipe is used in the septic tank to move the water waste from the household, and it gets collected in the septic tank. The wastes are kept for long enough inside the septic tank, so that solid and liquid wastes separate it from each other. The second pipe is the outlet pipe or the drain pipe. This outlet pipe separates out the preprocessed waste water from the septic tank and spreads it evenly in the leach field. When the waste water is collected and settled in the septic tank, it divides itself into three layers. The first layer is oil or grease which floats on top of the waste, and this is termed as ‘scum’. The second layer contains the waste water and the waste material referred to as effluent.


What is a septic tank and how does it work –


The third or the last layer contains the particles which are heavier than water and forms sludge. Bacteria present inside the tank helps in breaking down the solid waste particles, which then makes it easy for the liquid to separate and drain away easily.  As a part of maintenance, the materials which are settled at the bottom of the septic tank need to be removed.  Detailed steps of how a septic tank works are listed below:

  1. Water waste from the household runs through one main pipe leading to the septic tank.
  2. Underground septic tank holds the liquid waste. It needs to hold the liquid waste long enough so that the solid particles settle at the bottom and oil and grease separates itself on the top.
  3. After the process the effluent will be able to exit the tank into the drain field.
  4. The waste water is then discharged in the porous surfaces of the drainfield.
  5. The soil then accepts, treats, and disperses waste water as it percolates through the soil, ultimately discharging to the groundwater.